US Army Quartermaster Foundation
Fort Lee, Virginia


105th_SptBn.jpg (9102 bytes)105th Support Battalion

Constituted 10 November 1917 in the Regular Army as the 5th Division Supply Train and assigned to the 5th Division (later redesignated as the 5th Infantry Division).

Organized 20 December 1917 at Camp Joseph E. Johnston, Florida.

Reorganized and redesignated 26 December 1917 as the 5th Division Motor Supply Train.

Reorganized and redesignated 1 June 1918 as the 5th Supply Train Reorganized and redesignated 17 March 1921 as the 5th Division Train, Quartermaster Corps.

Inactivated 25 September 1921 at Camp Jackson, South Carolina.

Redesignated 23 March 1925 as the 5th Division Quartermaster Train.

Redesignated 1 May 1936 as the 5th Quartermaster Regiment.

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Companies A and B, and the 2d Platoon, Company E, activated 12 October 1939 at Fort Knox, Kentucky, as the 5th Quartermaster Battalion (Company E [less 2d Platoon] concurrently redesignated as Company D, 34th Quartermaster Regiment - hereafter separate lineage; remainder of5th Quartermaster Regiment disbanded)

5th Quartermaster Battalion (less Ordnance Maintenance Platoon, Headquarters Company) reorganized and redesignated 12 January 1943 as the 5th Quartermaster Company (Ordnance Maintenance Platoon, Headquarters Company, concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 705th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company -hereafter separate lineage)

5th Quartermaster Company inactivated 20 September 1946 at Camp Campbell, Kentucky.

Activated 6 July 1948 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.

Inactivated 30 April 1950 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina.

Activated 1 March 1951 at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania.

Inactivated 1 September 1953 at Indiantown Cap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania.

Activated 25 May 1954 in Germany.

Inactivated 1 June 1957 at Fort Ord, California.

Redesignated. 19 February 1962 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 5th Supply and Transport Battalion, and activated at Fort Carson, Colorado (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated).

Inactivated 15 December 1970 at Fort Carson, Colorado.

Consolidated 1 May 1987 with the 105th Supply and Transport Battalion (see ANNEX) and consolidated unit redesignated as the 105th Support Battalion, an element of the 5th Infantry Division concurrently activated at Fort Polk, Louisiana.

ANNEX

Constituted 25 July 1941 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 5th Ordnance Battalion.

Activated 1 August 1941 at Camp Livingston, Louisiana.

Inactivated 13 October 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.

Activated 1 February 1949 at Fort Lewis, Washington.

Inactivated 18 February 1949 at Fort Lewis, Washington.

Activated 21 March 1949 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

Reorganized and redesignated 20 July 1966 as Headquarters and Main Support Company, 5th Maintenance Battalion.

Inactivated 16 November 1970 at Fort Lewis, Washington.

Converted and redesignated 21 July 1975 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 105th Supply and Transport Battalion, assigned to the 5th Infantry Division, and activated at Fort Polk, Louisiana (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated).

105th Supply and Transport Battalion inactivated 15 September 1965 at Fort Polk, Louisiana.

CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDIT

World War I
St. Mihiel
Meuse-Argonne
Lorraine 1918

World War II
Tunisia
Naples-Foggia
Rome-Arno
North Apennines
Po Valley
Normandy
Northern France
Rhineland
Ardennes-Alsace
Central Europe

Vietnam
Defense
Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase II
Counteroffensive, Phase III
Tet Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase IV
Counteroffensive, Phase V
Counteroffensive, Phase VI
Tet 69/Counteroffensive
Summer-Fall 1969
Winter-Spring 1970
Sanctuary Counteroffensive

Counteroffensive, Phase VII

DECORATIONS

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered EUROPEAN THEATER 1944

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered EUROPEAN THEATER 1944-1945

Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1969-1970

DISTINCTIVE INSIGNIA
(Unit Crest)

105th_SptBn.jpg (9102 bytes)DESCRIPTION

A gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Gules (brick red), palewise a boot in silhouette, buff, charged at the knee with a decrescent having within its horns a mullet one point down of the first, and bendwise overall a branch of laurel or. Attached below the shield, a gold scroll inscribed "Unlimited Support" in black.

SYMBOLISM

Buff and brick red are the colors used for Supply and Transport units, the predecessor organization. The boot refers to Italy, where the Battalion participated in four campaigns during World War II, and the unit's service in the Tunisia Campaign in North Africa is symbolized by the crescent and star, adopted from the Tunisian flag. The branch of laurel signifies the Meritorious Unit Commendation awarded for service in the European Theater.

Approved for the 105th Supply and Transport Battalion by the Institute of Heraldry on 8 April 1987.

COAT OF ARMS
(Displayed on Battalion Flag)

105th Coat of Arms from The Institute of Heraldry filesBLAZON

BLAZON

SHIELD: Gules (brick red), palewise a boot in silhouette, buff, charged at the knee with a decrescent having within its horns a mullet one point down of the first, and bendwise overall a branch of laurel or.

CREST: Upon a wreath of the colors or and gules (brick red), an annulet of bamboo or, enclosing a torteau (scarlet) charged with a hexagon buff, triparted of the second.

SYMBOLISM

SHIELD: Buff and brick red are the colors used for Supply and Transport units, the predecessor organization. The boot refers to Italy, where the Battalion participated in four campaigns during World War II, and the unit's service in the Tunisia Campaign in North Africa is symbolized by the crescent and star, adopted from the Tunisian flag. The branch of laurel signifies the Meritorious Unit Commendation awarded for service in the European Theater.

CREST: The annulet and simulated carton within symbolize the supply and transportation mission of the predecessor organization; the bamboo composition of the annulet and the colors gold and scarlet (as in the flag of South Vietnam) allude to Vietnam and the unit's participation in thirteen campaigns there. The color scarlet also denotes the Meritorious Unit Commendation received for Vietnam,1969-1970.

MOTTO: UNLIMITED SUPPORT.

Return To: Distinguished Units of the Regiment

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